Work in progress – if you would like to know the meaning of a specific medical term – linked to a diagnosis, a therapy, and so on – in the field of cardiology, please write an email to email@example.com
ACE-inhibitors – pharmacological products used to treat various cardiovascular diseases. They are specifically employed for the treatment of arterial hypertension.
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) – it includes various events in which coronary arteries are affected by acute occlusion/contraction. Main clinical expression are: unstable angina, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, sudden death.
Acute myocardial infarction – death of the cardiac muscle due to an occlusion of the coronary arteries. This is a widespread pathological condition, particularly relevant across the globe, as it deeply affects the patient's health status and prognosis.
Albumin – a plasma protein part of the blood circulation. It carries out fundamental functions, among which being responsible of the colloidal osmotic pressure of the blood, while serving also as a transport protein.
Albuminuria – presence of plasma albumin in the urine, which should not occur in normal conditions. Usually, it is an early indicator of renal or heart disease and it can be observed in relevant cardiovascular risk factors, such as arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
Angina pectoris – a pain that might vary in intensity and location, it can be a sudden violent event that usually affects the chest area. However, it may manifest itself also in the nearby area or in different body areas like jugular, throat, low part of the neck, jaw, epigastrium.
Atrial fibrillation – sinus rhythm pathological change: the normal sinus rhythm is altered as well as the synchronized electric action of the heart. AF is mainly perceived as palpitations (i.e., abnormal heartbeat).
Coronaropatia - alterazione funzionale o anatomica delle arterie del cuore.
Digitalis – a plant from which digoxin is extracted. It is effective in treating cardiac diseases, specifically employed for heart failure events as it improves the heart muscle contractility.
Endothelial dysfunction – endothelial tissue function alteration. The endothelium is the inner tissue layer that lines the cavities of the heart. This dysfunction is often associated to vascular damage related to arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease.
Hypercholesterolemia – the presence of large amounts of cholesterol in the plasma. It can be a hereditary or acquired condition, the latter due to inadequate eating habits protracted over time.
Ischaemic Cardiopathy – pathology derived from an unbalanced flood of blood and an insufficient oxygen supply to the myocardium, the most common cause related to it is atherosclerosis and is strongly affected by other major risk factors (see single entries). Main clinical expressions: angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, sudden death.
Lipidi sierici - insieme di lipidi presenti nel sangue, si dividono in colesterolo HDL, colesterolo LDL e trigliceridi.
Myocardium – the muscular tissue of the heart. The word is of Greek origin: mys- muscle, and -cardia, heart. It shapes both ventricles (left and right), and both atria (left and right).
Neoplasia – word of Greek origin: neo- new, and -plasis formation. Pathological condition that presents a new abnormal cellular formation of benign or malignant nature. It is also known as tumor and deeply affects the patient's prognosis.
SCA - sindrome coronarica acuta, ossia la manifestazione clinica della riduzione del flusso sanguigno al tessuto cardiaco.